The Elder Futhark

 

 

Rune

Name

Letter

Deity

Gender

Color

Element

Meaning

Fe

F

Freya

Feminine

Red

Fire

Prosperity

Wealth

Ur

U

Thor

Masculine

Red

Earth

Purification

Healing

Shaping

Thur

Th

Thor

Masculine

Red

Fire

Protection

Storm

Ass

A

Odin

Masculine

Dark Blue

Air

Ase/Asgared

Opening

Reid

R

Thor

Masculine

Red

Air

Rider

Travel

Movement

Kaun

K

Freyja

Feminine

Red

Fire

Freyja's Rune

Light

Knowledge

Gebo*

G

Odin

Both

Blue

Air

Gift

Exchange

Wunjo*

W/V

Odin

Masculine

Gold

Earth

Joy

Perfection

Wishes

Hagall

H

Hella

Feminine

Grey

Water

(Hail)

Hail

Destruction

Negative

Naudr

N

Skuld

Feminine

Black

Fire

Need

Obligation

Binding

Is

I

Frost Giants

Feminine

White

Water

(Ice)

Ice

Beginning

Ar

Y/J

Freyja

Both

Green

Earth

Year

Passing Time

Eihwaz*

El

Skadi

Masculine

Green

All

Yew

Hidden Wisdom

Pertho*

P

Frigg

Feminine

Silver

Water

Pear

Chance

Yr

Z

Valkyries

Heimdal

Either

Blue

Air

Elk

Birth/Death

Sol

S

Baldur

Masculine

Gold

Air

Sun

Lightning

Will/Self

Tyr

T

Tyr

Masculine

Red

Air

Justice

Victory

Bjarkan

B

Berta

Feminine

Green

Earth

Birch

Feminine-Healing

Luck

Ehwaz*

E

Frey

Both

Green

Earth

Horse

Movement

Marrige

Shapeshifting

Madr

M

Heimdal

Masculine

Blue

Air

Man/Male

Mind

Support

Logr

L

Nerthus

Feminine

Pale Green

Water

Lake

Woman

Sorcery

Inguz*

NG

Freyja

Both

Green

Water

Fertility

Astral Plane

Dagaz*

Dh/D

Loki

Masculine

Red

Fire

Day

Hidden

Beginning/End

Othila*

O

Odin

Masculine

Red

Earth

Land

Ancestors

Inheritance

 

Whenever possible the Rune names are Old Norse. An * indicates the use of Germanic names. Although many sources indicate that the Germanic Futhark is the earliest version, its been my experience that alphabets and symbol lists almost never reduce in size over passing years. This leads me to suspect that the Norse version may be the earliest and the source for other systems with added runes.

 

Copyright (C) 1996 Jon McClenny